The Philippine National Police (PNP) is the primary law enforcement agency in the Philippines. It is responsible for maintaining peace and order, preventing and solving crimes, and ensuring public safety.
Understanding the PNP rank structure is crucial in comprehending the organization’s hierarchy and the roles and responsibilities of its officers. The PNP rank structure is composed of various ranks, each with its own set of duties and responsibilities.
Philippine National Police Ranks and Insignia
The PNP has recently introduced new rank classifications and abbreviations. As per the new law, the PNP rank classification will be unique as the ranks will now be preceded by the term “Police”.
The PNP rank structure is composed of various ranks, from the lowest to the highest. The lowest rank is Police Officer 1 (PO1) now called Patrolman/Patrolwoman and the highest rank is the Police Director General (PDG) now called Police General, PGEN.
Each rank has its own set of duties and responsibilities, with higher ranks having more significant roles in the organization. Here are the new rank classifications and abbreviations in the PNP.
|PNP Rank (Old)
|Police Non-Commissioned Officer
|Police Officer I(PO1)
|Police Officer II (PO2)
|Police Corporal, PCpl
|Police Officer III(PO3)
|Police Staff Sergeant, PSSg
|Senior Police Officer I (SPO1)
|Police Master Sergeant, PMSg
|Senior Police Officer II (SPO2)
|Police Senior Master Sergeant, PSMS
|Senior Police Officer III (SPO3)
|Police Chief Master Sergeant, PCMS
|Senior Police Officer IV (SPO4)
|Police Executive Master Sergeant, PEMS
|Police Commissioned Officer
|Police Inspector (PINSP)
|Police Lieutenant, PLT
|Police Senior Inspector (PSINSP)
|Police Captain, PCPT
|Police Chief Inspector (PCINSP)
|Police Major, PMAJ
|Police Superintendent (PSUPT)
|Police Lieutenant Colonel, PLTCOL
|Police Senior Superintendent (PSSUPT)
|Police Colonel, PCOL
|Police Chief Superintendent (PCSUPT)
|Police Brigadier General, PBGEN
|Police Director (PDIR)
|Police Major General, PMGEN
|Police Deputy General (PDDG)
|Police Lieutenant General, PLTGEN
|Police Director General (PDG)
|Police General, PGEN
The PNP ranks are denoted by insignia worn on the uniform. Here are the PNP Insignia:
Promotions and advancements in the PNP are based on merit and seniority. To be promoted to a higher rank, an officer must meet certain criteria, such as passing the required training and education, demonstrating exemplary performance, and meeting the minimum service requirement for the rank. Advancements in the PNP also come with benefits and privileges, such as higher salaries, better benefits, and more significant responsibilities.
In conclusion, understanding the PNP rank structure and insignia is essential in comprehending the hierarchy of the PNP and the roles and responsibilities of its officers. The PNP is committed to ensuring the safety and security of the Filipino people, and understanding the PNP rank structure is essential in achieving this goal. The PNP ranks and insignia serve as symbols of the organization’s professionalism, dedication, and commitment to public service.